I sing the song to the wide open spaces

This is the second in a series of posts that will feature detailed analyses of some of my all-time favorite albums.  


Pete Townshend was a nerd, an outcast, a strange little kid who nonetheless had a remarkable ability with music, despite a lack of any formal training.

He plays guitar, most famously, but he is also adept at piano, synthesizer, banjo, 7f44bce320f83321f545bd73b5360224accordion, harmonica, ukulele, mandolin, bass and drums.  Perhaps even more notable is his songwriting prowess — he has written well over 200 songs in his 50+ years as a recording artist with his band, The Who, and as a solo attraction.

In my opinion, The Who’s extraordinary rock opera “Tommy” and the brilliant 1971 LP “Who’s Next” rank among the finest albums ever made, and I might be inclined to include the 1973 opus “Quadrophenia” as well.  But that would be excessive, I think.

Let’s just say that I think Townshend is a wunderkind, a man who has written and recorded some of the best rock songs ever conceived, from early gems like 1964’s “My Generation” and 1967’s “I Can See For Miles” to 1978’s “Guitar and Pen” and 1982’s “Eminence Front.”

But it is the period from 1969 to 1973 when Townshend — and The Who — did their very best work.

Townshend joined up with singer Roger Daltrey and bass player John Entwistle in the early ’60s in a band called The Detours, playing pop and jazz covers.  One night, when Townshend was heading out for a night of clubbing, his hard-of-hearing grandmother asked him where he was going.  When he told her the name of the group he was going to see, she asked him, “You’re going to see the WHO??”  The thought clicked, and he convinced The Detours that they should rename themselves The Who.

For four years, The Who struggled as a brash rock band that had their share of hit singles in England (“I Can’t Explain,” “Substitute,” “Magic Bus”), but received almost no attention in the US, not until their explosive performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967.  Even then, they didn’t sell many records here.

Unknown-29That all changed in 1969 when Townshend wrote, and The Who recorded, what is recognized as the first “rock opera,” the exemplary double album “Tommy.”  The plot of the story is almost beside the point, but it involves a boy who watches as his mother and her lover murder his father, then shudders as his mother tries to convince him he didn’t see nor hear the dastardly deed.  He became deaf, dumb and blind…but it turns out he was awesome at pinball.

Sure enough, the single “Pinball Wizard” got the lion’s share of attention with the mainstream public, but the full four sides of music rivaled anything that came out in that watershed year of 1969.  It reached #4 on the US charts, far better than anything they’d released previously.  The incredible “Amazing Journey,” the spacey instrumental acid trip “Underture,” the great rock songs “Christmas” and “Go to the Mirror,” the brilliant denouement “We’re Not Gonna Take It,” with includes the single “See Me, Feel Me” —  it all came together majestically, with unparalleled performances by Townshend, Daltrey, rs-196520-98005831-copyEntwistle and drummer Keith Moon.

I was 14 when that record was released, and it thrilled me in 2000 when it became one of the pivotal records the young protagonist latched on to in the wonderful film “Almost Famous” when his older sister left her albums behind upon leaving home.  She attached a note that said, “Listen to ‘Tommy’ with a candle burning and you will see your entire future.”  Yep.  That’s pretty damn accurate.

Townshend’s masterwork went on to become a movie and a Broadway show, neither of which were all that great compared to the original LP, but they served to elevate Townshend’s (and The Who’s) stature as kingpins in the rock ‘n roll pantheon.

Sadly, though, the reverence accorded to “Tommy” also did a disservice to Townshend and The Who.  How to top it?  The band grew tired of performing it in its entirety in concert, but audiences weren’t happy with snippets of it.  Still worse, Townshend struggled to come up with a follow-up album that could come close to matching the excellence of “Tommy.”

But try he did, and mightily.  He had written a screenplay and a great deal of music for another rock opera known as “Lifehouse,” designed to be a multi-media project and double album that symbolized the relationship between a musician and his audience, in search of “the universal chord.”  It just might have been a worthy successor to the deaf-dumb-and-blind-kid opus.

images-29But his compatriot Kit Lambert, manager/producer for much of the band’s career thus far, was in dire straits, falling into heroin addiction and no longer able to be Townshend’s Man Friday.  The “Lifehouse” project stalled, even falling off the tracks, and the composer was disconsolate about it.  Indeed, he suffered a nervous breakdown over it, and felt like throwing in the towel.

But Daltrey and producer Glyn Johns stepped in, firmly maintaining that the music Townshend had written and The Who had recorded thus far was well worth releasing as a single album.  Townshend resisted at first, because he would have preferred that the full “Lifehouse” project be released as a complete story instead of in aborted form.

The album, a nine-song collection entitled “Who’s Next,” is widely praised and rightly 61Ab-td5fbLregarded as The Who’s finest LP.  Townshend was the first rock musician to fully incorporate the Moog synthesizer into the arrangements of most of the album, especially its thunderous opener, “Baba O’Riley” (known by many as “Teenage Wasteland”), and the anthemic closer, “Won’t Get Fooled Again.”  Johns’ astonishing production captured Daltrey’s very best singing, Moon’s most mind-blowing drum work, and Entwistle’s most inventive bass playing.  And Townshend?  He completely nails it.

For me, the pinnacle, the very best moment of The Who’s catalog, is “The Song is Over,” which features guest pianist Nicky Hopkins and Daltrey singing a gorgeous melody at the top of his lungs.

It’s too bad that the crucial piece from the “Lifehouse” puzzle, the fantastic “Pure and Easy,” was left off “Who’s Next” and didn’t see the light of day until the ragtag collection “Odds and Sods” in 1974.  (Its key line — “There once was a note, pure and easy, playing so free like a breath rippling by” — survived as the closing line of “The Song is Over.”)

Thanks to the singles “Won’t Get Fooled Again” and “Behind Blue Eyes” — and, to a less commercial extent, “Baba O’Riley” — “Who’s Next” became a monumentally popular album, peaking at #4 on the US charts, and cemented The Who’s reputation as THE “album band” of their era, and a ferocious live band as well.

In between “Tommy” and “Who’s Next” there was 1970’s “Live at Leeds,” often TheWho1978considered the best live rock album ever released.  I liked it fine, but would never rate it ahead of, say, The Allman Brothers Band’s “Live at Fillmore East.”

But as I said, from the majestic peak of “Tommy,” through “Live at Leeds” to the unprecedented wonders of “Who’s Next,” and into the remarkable brilliance of 1973’s “Quadrophenia,” there was no band as hot as The Who during this period.  Some people like to claim The Rolling Stones, with their triumvirate of “Let It Bleed,” “Get Yer Ya-Yas Out” and “Sticky Fingers,” may have been just as good, but I’ll take The Who any day of the week.







And I feel like I’ve been here before

I was sitting around with some friends recently and we got to talking about our favorite albums of all time.  For a music lover like me, who has been collecting albums and CDs since I turned 13 in 1968, I’ve got about 100 favorites, mostly from the ’60s and ’70s, but also a few from the ’80s, a couple in the ’90s, and one or two from the ’00s and the ’10s.

For most of us, our choices tended to lean toward the music we discovered when we were between about 14 and 25.  These were the albums we memorized, playing over and over again at pivotal times in our lives, and they occupy an important place in our hearts.

I could list my top 100 here, but that would probably be boring, and there isn’t space to talk about them all.  Instead, I’d like to take a closer look at two albums that rank in my Top 20.  They’re by the same group and released within 12 months of each other, and I’d wager they are favorites of many of my readers too.


In the late Sixties, the harmless, fun pop music of the ’60s (The Turtles, the Cowsills, Sonny & Cher) was still maintaining a hold on the singles charts as the heavier rock stylings of the blues/acid/psychedelic segment of the day (Jefferson Airplane, Jimi Hendrix, Cream) was making an impression on the album charts.

But then in May 1969, the pop/rock music world was given a sizable jolt with the Crosby Stills and Nashstunning debut of a new “supergroup” (when that term was brand new) who seemed to create a new rock and roll sub-genre — “singer-songwriter rock,” as it came to be known.

David Crosby, a superlative harmony singer, had been a major player in The Byrds, the band that had played a key role in bringing Bob Dylan’s music to a mainstream audience with their #1 version of “Mr. Tambourine Man” in 1965.  Crosby and leader Roger McGuinn had steered the group through impressive changes, offering up 12-string adaptations of the Book of Ecclesiastes (“Turn Turn Turn”), pop-oriented psychedelia (“Eight Miles High”) and straight-ahead pop rock (“So You Want to Be a Rock and Roll Star”).  Crosby began writing atmospheric songs that didn’t fit The Birds’ plans, which led to his stormy departure.

Stephen Stills brought even more diverse talent to the table.  With the seminal country rock band Buffalo Springfield, Stills had emerged as an extraordinarily skilled guitarist, both acoustic and electric, and his Louisiana-based vocals carried the day on original tunes like “For What It’s Worth” (“Stop, hey, what’s that sound”), “Bluebird” and “Rock and Roll Woman.”  He had also made major contributions to the Grammy-winning LP “Super Session” with Al Kooper and Mike Bloomfield.

Graham Nash, meanwhile, had been a founding member of Britain’s The Hollies, a hugely successful and influential pop harmony group throughout the ’60s, who scored on such tunes as “Bus Stop,” “Look Through Any Window,” “Carrie-Anne,” “Dear Eloise” and a dozen others.  It was Nash’s high harmonies that gave The Hollies their distinctive Everly Brothers-type sound.

So Crosby and Stills, each looking for a new direction, decided to put their talents together and began jamming, nurturing early demos of Stills’ “You Don’t Have To Cry” and Crosby’s “Long Time Gone.”  They liked where things were going, but they weren’t yet sure if they had what they were looking for.

Enter Nash, brought to them by The Mamas and The Papas’ Cass Elliot, a much-beloved “earth mother” of the Laurel Canyon scene, where Crosby and Stills and many other musicians were living at the time.  She had heard the early possibilities of Crosby and Stills, and openly wondered whether there was a place for Nash’s high voice on top of their work.

When they first sang together, taking a stab at “You Don’t Have to Cry” — “In the morning when you rise, do you think of me and how you left me crying…” — the shivers went up and down the spines of everyone who was in the room to hear it.  They actually fell Crosby_Stills_Diltz_1down laughing, totally blown away at the combined sound of their three voices. When Nash mentioned, “I’ve got a couple of songs I think might work for us,” they realized they had something truly special:  Three great songwriters with three great voices.  They rehearsed for months, then booked studio time, and whipped ten tracks into shape.

Entitled simply “Crosby, Stills & Nash,” the album was damn near perfect from beginning to end.  I couldn’t get enough of these incredible songs:  “Suite: Judy Blue Eyes,” “Marrakesh Express,” “Guinevere,” “You Don’t Have to Cry,” “Pre-Road Downs,” “Wooden Ships,” “Lady of the Island,” “Helplessly Hoping,” “Long Time Gone” and “49 Bye Byes.”  Stills played nearly all guitar parts, plus keyboards and bass, while Crosby and Nash focused on vocals, singing lead on their own songs and harmonies on the others.

Top 40 stations picked up on “Marrakesh Express” and “Judy Blue Eyes,” while the album rocketed to #6 on the album charts in the summer/fall that year.  They were a big hit at Woodstock in August, and were on their way to superstardom.

There’s a marvelous karma-related story about the iconic album cover.  Crosby, Stills and Nash were driving around West Hollywood with photographer Henry Diltz, looking for a setting where they might shoot a photo of the threesome that captured the innocence and warm intentions behind the music they’d made.  They found an empty old house that still had a beat-up couch sitting out front, and they thought it was ideal.  With Nash CSNPorch825on the left, Crosby on the right, and Stills with an acoustic guitar in the middle, Diltz shot a roll of frames that captured the trio in their warm vibe.  When they looked at prints afterwards, they realized they had positioned themselves in the wrong order — Nash, Stills and Crosby.  A few days later, they returned to try again, but the house had been torn down!  So they used the shot they’d taken, and that’s why many people at first thought Crosby was the handsome dude in demin, and Nash was the wild-haired desperado in the fringe jacket.

Ahmet Ertegun, the savvy mogul who ran Atlantic Records, was eager to put his new stars on the road, but he knew they needed more musicians on stage to flesh out the sounds that Stills had created in a multilayered fashion in the studio.  The trio, adamant about keeping the friendly vibe between them, were wary, but agreed to take on drummer Dallas Taylor and bassist Greg Reeves for the tour.  But Ertegun wanted more than that, and he had a firm opinion about it:  “What you guys need is Neil Young.”

Young had been a very important part of Buffalo Springfield, and Stills admired the Canadian’s guitar playing, singing and songwriting.  But Young had been more of a moody loner than a team player, which caused such tension among the band members that they had imploded after less than two years.

And yet, there was no denying Young’s talents, and with Crosby and Nash on board, the CSNYrehearsal_lthreesome became a foursome.  In the fall of ’69, they began recording sessions for the follow-up to the CS&N debut, which was still doing very well on the charts and in the stores.

The group had gathered so much momentum that, by the time of its release in March 1970, “Deja Vu” had already reached gold record status, with a million advance orders.  To my ears, it’s even better than its predecessor, with another ten spectacular songs featuring the work of all four songwriters, plus a smokin’ electric arrangement of Joni Mitchell’s anthem “Woodstock.”  Crosby contributed “Almost Cut My Hair” and “Deja Vu,” Stills weighed in with “Carry On” and “4 + 20,” Nash added the radio hits “Teach Your Children” and “Our House,” and Young offered up “Helpless” and “Country Girl,” while R-1132195-1327135607.jpegStills and Young co-wrote the album closer, “Everybody I Love You.”

The second album feels darker in several ways.  There’s Young’s brooding persona coming through on “Country Girl,” and his harsh guitar work on “Woodstock.”  There is the ominous feeling of dread behind “4 + 20,” with its lyric, “I find myself just wishing that my life would simply cease.”  Most of all, there is Crosby’s angry paranoia on “Almost Cut My Hair,” a harrowing track that was written following the accidental automobile death of his girlfriend.  Even the album cover — corrugated black cardboard with gold-leaf lettering over a glued-on, sepia-toned photo of the band in Civil War-era clothes — was so much more unsettling than the communal front-porch cover of their debut LP nine months earlier.

And sure enough, Young didn’t stick around very long.  After an eight-week tour in the spring/summer of ’70, America’s supergroup was no more.  They each went off to make solo records (although they did made guest appearances on several tunes), and Crosby and Nash soon teamed up to find success as a duo for several years.  The original threesome found their way back together in 1977 with their hugely popular “CSN” album, and these four guys have staged numerous reunions and tours over the years since.

IMG_5200But the magic of the first two albums lives on, at least for me.  All these decades later, I still treasure these two records.  I know all the lyrics by heart and love to play a few of the songs on guitar.  When I hear these tracks, I find myself singing along with different vocal parts as the mood strikes me.

Just listen to the beauty of Crosby’s songs “Guinevere” and “Deja Vu,” with their ethereal chords and striking vocal gymnastics.  Or the timeless words and accessible melody of Nash’s “Teach Your Children,” bolstered in a huge way by Jerry Garcia’s guest appearance on pedal steel guitar.  Or the amazing guitar dexterity behind “Suite:  Judy Blue Eyes,” Stills’ ode to his then-lover Judy Collins.  Or the smoldering guitar parts Young provided throughout “Deja Vu.”

They captured the times as well as any music being made during that period, and the competition was daunting:  The Stones, The Who, Simon and Garfunkel, Van Morrison, Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder, all operating at or near their peak.

Crosby, Stills & Nash.  And Young.   I always thought their name sounded like a law firm…but their music sounded like perfection.


The Spotify playlist below includes a few demo versions of the songs on the official releases.  I wanted to include more — there’s an amazing 8-minute version of “Almost Cut My Hair” you should hear — but some are not available through Spotify…

In future installments, I intend to write in detail about many more of my all-time favorite albums.  Needless to say, I recommend you “drop the needle” on these records to explore, and re-explore, their excellence.