At the lonely end of the rink

I have an ever-growing list of topics I’ve been wanting to write about at Hack’s Back Pages, one of which is Canadian Rock.  Our neighbors to the north have produced some very fine musical artists over the years, some of whom are near screen-shot-2014-11-11-at-11-07-56-am1974_Joni_MitchellGordon_Lightfoot_-younger

and dear to me.  Joni Mitchell is by far my favorite, followed by The Guess Who, Neil Young, Gordon Lightfoot and Leonard Cohen.  There are others who have also broken into the U.S. market (Rush, The Band, Bryan Adams, among others), but there are also many dozens that are very popular in Canada but unknown here.  

An event happened there last week that has moved me to address the subject this week, and I’ve decided to essentially turn over the column to a Canadian friend who has a much keener insight into the matter.

Paul Vayda, who I’ve known since we were seven, is a drummer and rock music enthusiast who has lived in Canada since 1970.  He may have been born in the States, but he has dual citizenship, and knows a great deal about the Canadian on-gord-downie-my-dad-and-taking-people-for-granted-1471630712rock music scene from coast to coast, from British Columbia to the Maritimes.  He wrote me the other day in the wake of the death of a national Canadian hero named Gord Downie, the singer of a wildly popular band there called The Tragically Hip, and the issue Paul brings up is both timely and fascinating.  I hope you enjoy it.


Hi Bruce:

I have been thinking about this phenomenon lately:  Why is it that sometimes a nation’s border seems to stop music from penetrating?

I can understand why music is more popular in one place or another, like country music in a more rural setting, or glam rock in a big city.  And of course, a different language and culture might understandably be an impediment to another country’s music being absorbed by American audiences.

However, Canadians and Americans speak the same language, watch the same TV, the same movies, essentially the same sports.  For the most part, we share the same rock music roots as well.  Maybe Canadian audiences are less spiritual and Motown, and more Celtic and maritime, but we love the blues and folk music as much as Americans do, and we have all listened to the same great supergroups from across the pond — The Beatles, The Stones, Elton John, U2, Pink Floyd, and so on.

So why is it that only a relative few Canadian rock artists have found success with American audiences and radio listeners?

Everyone in the States knows Neil Young, and Rush, and Joni Mitchell, and The Guess Who, and Leonard Cohen, and The Band, and Gordon Lightfoot, and Bachman-Turner Overdrive.

Many US listeners have heard of Bryan Adams, and Loverboy, and Alanis Morrisette, and Bare Naked Ladies, and Arcade Fire.

And some Yanks may be in the know about Saga, and Jann Arden, and Crash Test Dummies, and Kate & Anne McGarrigle, and Men Without Hats, and Cowboy Junkies.

But I’m at a loss to explain why Americans don’t know anything about the many bands that are huge in Canada but can’t seem to make a dent in the US.  Why don’t they know and love The Tragically Hip??  Chilliwack?  Triumph?  Our Lady Peace?  I Mother Earth?  Lighthouse?  The Nylons?  Crowbar?  April Wine?  Big Sugar?  The Stampeders?  Matthew Good Band?  Sam Roberts?  Metric?

Maybe it’s just luck that some Canadian artists got airplay south of the border.  Maybe they had a savvy, hard-working manager.  I really don’t know.  (By the way, the same holds true for rock music artists in general — since the birth of rock and roll, it’s often a mystery why one band makes it big while another more worthy one doesn’t.  But I digress…)

TragicallyHip_130403By far the most glaring example of a Canadian group that should have been accepted in the US long ago is The Tragically Hip.  This band from Kingston, Ontario, spent a few years in there mid-’80s honing their chops at small venues around Ontario, then emerged on MCA Records in 1989 with “Up to Here,” an album full of terrific blues-based MI0001989827sounds led by lead singer and songwriter Gord Downie.  They played no-nonsense rock, sometimes loud, pounding music, but changing to melodic ballads in a heartbeat.

The Hip, as we called them, evolved into Canada’s unofficial house band.  They were like our secret handshake.  They were polite, but sang deeply political songs — songs about Canada, its history, its struggles.  Songs like “At the Hundredth Meridian,” or “Wheat Kings,” or “Ahead By a Century,” or “Courage,” or “Bobcaygeon” (go look it up).  The BBC called them “the most Canadian band in the world,” and they were correct.

The Hip is our most celebrated group.  They won 12 Junos (Canada’s version of the Grammys).  Between 1989 and 2016, they racked up 12 Top Five albums on the Canadian fully-completely-51db25df72144charts, nine of which reached #1.  They charted 34 singles, 14 of which made our Top 20, including two #1s.  They earned the unconditional love of a nation.  They were our Bruce Springsteen — a garage band that started in high school with a few fans, and grew to be truly legendary.

Gord Downie was a showman like The Boss.  As a friend of the Native people, he was christened Wicapi Omani, which means “man who walks among the stars.”  He was modest.  He rode his bike to concerts; no limos for him.  He would bring coffee for his interviewers.

In 2015, he was diagnosed with inoperable brain cancer.  In 2016, The Tragically Hip did a farewell tour, culminating in a final show in Kingston that was simulcast live across the country.  Twenty million Canadians, including Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, watched and cried as Gord sang favorites from The Hip’s repertoire one last time.

On October 17, Downie died, and the country reeled with grief.  People even suggested there should be a state funeral for him.

Here is the best testimonial I have read, written by widely revered Canadian radio broadcaster Alan Cross:

Dear Rest of the World:

You’re probably looking at Canada (if you look at us at all) and wondering how an entire nation can be consumed by grief over the death of a singer.  A rock singer, no less.

AAtGnxH.img“Seriously, Canada?  And even your Prime Minister was crying?  And now some people are talking about a state funeral for this guy?  What’s up with that?

It’s … hard to explain.  But let me try.

First, we’re not ashamed about any of this.  You see, The Hip was Canada’s house band and their front man was our de facto poet laureate.  To put it another way, if there was a World Cup of Rock, Canada would send The Tragically Hip.

Second, The Hop taught us about ourselves.  Good and the band were unabashedly Canadian without being jingoistic or wrapping themselves in the flag.  How many people leaned of Hugh MacLennan or David Milgaard through Hip lyrics?  How many people across the country were sent to atlases to locate Bobcaygeon or Algonquin Park?  And then there were all the hockey stories:  Bill Barilko, references to the 1972 Canada-Russia series.

images-8If there in’t already an undergraduate course that teaches Canadian history, politics, geography and sociology using the lyrics of The Tragically Hip, it’s just a matter of time.

Third, we learned to appreciate Gord’s often obtuse and opaque lyrics.  They stood up to repeated listening, often revealing new layers each time.  His writings (including his sundry non-music poetry) are worthy of study the same way we look at the works of Leonard Cohen, Michael Ondaatje and Al Purdy, one of Gord’s heroes.

But hey, Rest of the World, you did have a chance — multiple chances! — to get in on this action.  But for some reason, you chose not to.  (You people in U.S. border towns, and some folks in Western Europe and Australia, are exempt.  You know who you are.)

After a couple of failed attempts to break into the American market that were thwarted by records company politics, bad luck and other things beyond the band’s control, The Hip retrenched and super-served their domestic fan base, who responded with even more devotion.

hipthumbIn fact, it was perhaps because they couldn’t break it big in America that we embraced them even more.  You didn’t want ’em, so we hung on even tighter.  They were ours.

They sold millions of albums and hundreds of thousands of concert tickets from coast to coast.  We travelled from gig to gig, often outnumbering the locals when The Hip played U.S. cities and were stunned more of you didn’t attend.  Couldn’t you see what you were missing?

But unless you’re Canadian, you probably wouldn’t understand.


The Hip actually did try to reach an American audience by playing gigs in border cities like Detroit and Buffalo.  But as it turned out, most of the attendees at those shows were Canadians who had been shut out of sold-out concerts at Canadian venues.  And The Hip now-for-plan-a-51db2071dc0b9did show up on U.S. charts, but no one noticed; eight of their albums made the Top 200, but the best they could manage was an anemic #129 for 2012’s “Now for Plan A.”  None of their singles ever made the US Top 40, although 1993’s “Courage” made it to #16 on the lesser “Mainstream Rock” chart.

In any event, there has been some great music played by Canadians not named Celine Dion.  Maybe your understanding of rock music and Canada will suggest an explanation of this “border wall phenomenon.”  Maybe Gord Downie’s death can be a catalyst to introduce one of our greatest rock groups to the American audience, and to whet their appetite to check out more.  Listen to their music, and if you do figure out why Americans never got hip to The Hip, by all means, let me know.

As you would say, “Rock on!”


In my mind I’m gone to Carolina

Periodically, I use this space to pay homage to artists who I believe are worthy of focused attention — artists with an extraordinary, consistently excellent body of work and a compelling story to tell.  In this essay, I explore the quintessential “singer-songwriter” of the Seventies and beyond — James Taylor.


One critic put it this way:  “He can turn an arena into your living room.”

James-TaylorAt first almost unbearably shy in person, and almost painfully introspective in his music, James Taylor has evolved through a remarkable 50-year career into a wise, wry and wondrous entertainer.  His “aw shucks” persona, his astonishing ability to compose music and lyrics with universal appeal, and his brave fight against numerous personal setbacks have made him a beloved giant of mainstream American popular music.

For me personally, Taylor has always been my sweet spot.  Just as I was starting to learn to play music on acoustic guitar, along comes this guy with wonderful songs, many of which were relatively easy for me to play, and his vocal range and mine were in the same neighborhood.  I think I’d rather sing and play Taylor’s tunes than anyone else’s.

He came of age just as the “sensitive singer-songwriter” genre took hold in 1970, and he rode it to the top of the charts and the cover of Time Magazine with a litany of pretty melodies, heartfelt lyrics, and infusions of funk, soul, blues and rock and roll.  The fact that Taylor had a brooding dark side, and looked (at first) like some sort of modern-day Heathcliff, also made him a considerable heartthrob, whether he meant to or not.

images-5Let’s consider the statistics for a moment.  Between 1968 and 2016, he has released 17 studio LPs, three live albums, five compilations and even a Christmas package or two.  That’s 27 in total, and 19 of them have charted in the Top 20.  His best years were in the 1970s, but he has had a Top Five record in every decade since.  He has nine Top 20 singles, and he has sold more than 100 million albums worldwide, ranking among the Top 20 in that category as well.

And yet, Taylor has always maintained he is no superstar, and certainly not a rock star.  “Bruce Springsteen, Elton John, those guys are rock stars.  I’m just a folk musician, really.  I’ve tried to look at my blessings and how amazingly well, against all odds, things have turned out for me.”

c62124f434c639e9fe3ea6c76b7acef4--james-taylor-james-darcyTrue enough.  He certainly had a blessed upbringing; his father was a respected physician, and his mother had deep musical roots as a music conservatory student of opera.  His childhood and school years were split between the tranquil rural hills of North Carolina and the lazy island life on Martha’s Vineyard.  He learned cello and guitar, and by age 14, he was playing and singing in coffeehouses.  Life looked good.

But storm clouds were forming.  At 17, Taylor developed depression and found himself unable to cope with scholastic pressures, which resulted in a nine-month, self-imposed stay in McLean Psychiatric Hospital.  In retrospect, he now regards that chapter as “a lifesaver — like a pardon or reprieve or something.”  It gave him the chance to collect himself and focus on what he really wanted to do — write songs, play guitar and sing.

A move to New York City proved both good and bad.  “I learned a lot about the music business and too much about drugs,” he would say.  He was part of a group called The Flying Machine that played several Taylor songs like “Night Owl” and “Knocking’ ‘Round the Zoo” (about his experience in McLean), but when that petered out, he headed for England to see whether that might open doors for him.

517mKrFuUdL._SL500_As it turned out, the doors opened at Apple Records, The Beatles’ new label, where both Paul McCartney and George Harrison were impressed enough to give him the green light.  But his debut album, which included impressive tunes like “Something in the Way She Moves” and “Carolina in My Mind,” suffered from amateurish production and an anemic marketing effort, and made only a minor dent in the charts in the UK or the US.

Still, Peter Asher, who had been his champion at Apple and became his manager, whisked him off to Los Angeles to regroup and sign with sweetbabyjames-1Warner Brothers, and everything changed in a big hurry.  With the help of the great Carole King on piano (her own performing career just about to blossom with “Tapestry”) and a sharp group of session musicians (Danny Kortchmar, Lee Sklar and Russ Kunkel), Taylor became the new sensation with his “Sweet Baby James” LP, a homespun collection of folk and blues which featured the timeless hits “Fire and Rain” and “Country Road.”  Only a year later, he one-upped that accomplishment when he charted both the nation’s #1 single (King’s song “You’ve Got a Friend”) and its #2-ranked LP (“Mud Slide Slim and the Blue Horizon”).

1101710301_400The Time cover story that year labeled him “the face of new rock,” which it described as “bittersweet and low.”  Said the article writer, “Taylor’s use of elemental imagery — darkness and sunlight, references to roads traveled and untraveled, and to fears spoken and left unsaid — reaches a level both of intimacy and controlled emotion rarely achieved in purely pop music.”  Taylor was matter-of-fact about it all, confessing, “I started being a songwriter pretending I could do it…and I was pretty pleased when it turned out I could.”

The songs he was writing belied an insecurity and an introverted nature (“Hey mister, that’s me up on the jukebox, I’m the one who’s singing this sad song, and I’ll cry every time that you slip in one more dime and let the boy sing the sad one, one more time…”).  He found performing and touring to be emotionally difficult, which exacerbated his drug use, particularly heroin.  “Basically, I was a functioning addict,” he said much later.  “But I was in chemical jail.”

By the end of 1972, Taylor had built a house with a home studio on The Vineyard, recorded his fourth LP (the underrated “One Man Dog”) and married Carly Simon, whose Unknown-9own career was simultaneously on the rise.  They had two kids and recorded songs together (remakes of Inez and Charlie Foxx’s “Mockingbird” and Marvin Gaye’s “How Sweet It Is to Be Loved by You,” both huge hits) and things seemed to be moving along nicely throughout the ’70s.  Five more Top Ten albums came in a six-year span:  “Walking Man” (1974), “Gorilla” (1975), “In the Pocket” (1976), “JT” (1977) and “Flag” (1979).

Taylor’s songs during this period were quite exceptional, with melodies both effervescent and wistful:  “Walking Man,” “Hello Old Friend,” “Mexico,” “Lighthouse,” “Shower the People,” “Don’t Be Sad ‘Cause Your Sun is Down,” “There We Are” and “Secret o’ Life,” to mention only a few.  He is a bit humbled by the songwriting process, describing himself as a channel through which music flows.  “It is the most delightful thing that ever happens to me, when I hear something coming out of my guitar and out of my mouth that wasn’t there before.”

Unknown-8His lyrics, too, have offered a compelling balance of melancholy and sheer joy.  Consider “Your Smiling Face” — “Whenever I see your smiling face, I have to smile myself, because I love you, when you give me that pretty little pout, it turns me inside out, there’s something about you, baby…”  And then look at “You Make It Easy,” which paints a poignant picture of a vulnerable man in a troubled marriage trying to resist the temptations of the woman at the next barstool:  “So baby, won’t you turn me down, and point me out the door, I’ll head home and sleep it off just like every time before, you keep looking good my way, I won’t hold out any more, you make it easy, you sure do make it easy, babe, for a man to fall…”

“Not every song I write is autobiographical, not by a long stretch,” he has said.  “But I reckon I do often draw on my own life experiences, and what I’ve been through can’t help but have an impact on what comes out.”

By the time the ’80s rolled around, though, things started to slip.  The Taylor-Simon marriage was in tatters (described in heartwrenching fashion on the 1981 hit “Her Town Too”), in large part because Simon could no longer abide Taylor’s dark side trips with heroin.  His songwriting quality — and quantity — seemed to fall off the beam somewhat; he was no longer as prolific, and the work he recorded wasn’t quite up to snuff.  Then, of images-7course, there was the fickle nature of pop music, and the way listener interest can turn on a dime as fans mature and younger ones fail to take their place.

True, there were still high points:  “Hard Times” and “Summer’s Here” from 1981’s “Dad Loves His Work”;  “Only a Dream in Rio” and “Only One” from 1985’s “That’s Why I’m Here”;  and “Baby Boom Baby” and “Sweet Potato Pie” from 1988’s “Never Die Young.”  And his 1976 “Greatest Hits” LP, then ten years old, was still selling well, passing 10 million units sold.

But his Eighties albums weren’t getting airplay or sales, and he disappeared for awhile, determined to shake his heroin habit, which he finally did through the help of a methadone clinic in 1984.  “I had hit a low point, but it was music that eventually brought me back to life,” he said, referring to his participation in a “Rock in Rio” festival in 1985.

“New Moon Shine” in 1991 was something of a comeback, with the irresistible “Copperline” and “The Frozen Man,” and a Martin Luther King tribute called “Shed a Little Light,” which featured the impeccable harmonies of longtime colleagues David Lasley, Arnold McCuller and Kate Markowitz.  But it took another six years for his real return to form, 1997’s “Hourglass,” which drew rave reviews, a Top Ten chart appearance, and a Grammy for Best Pop Album.  About that award, Taylor noted:  “I have a love-hate relationship with the Grammys.  I just don’t see the music world as a competitive sport.”

071dbcdb40164090d1d44f9b45021e7d--king-james-james-darcyThe new millennium saw Taylor’s songwriting slow to a snail’s pace, but he picked up the slack in other ways.  He had recorded cover versions of classics throughout his repertoire, but now he released two albums comprised solely of covers (including tracks like “Wichita Lineman,” “On Broadway,” “Hound Dog,” “Suzanne” and “In the Midnight Hour”), and a pair of Christmas collections, and an excellent live LP called “One Man Band.”  In 2010, following an exhilarating 2007 reunion of Taylor and his original band with Carole King at LA’s Troubadour, they all went on a hugely popular and well-reviewed world tour, playing exclusively the tracks from his “Sweet Baby James” and “Mud Slide Slim” albums and her “Tapestry” LP.  A CD-DVD of their show went all the way to #4 in 2012.

James-Taylor-and-Joni-Mitchell-e1439431184944A side note:  I’ve always found it interesting that Taylor’s career has followed a similar path to that of Joni Mitchell, also at the top of any list of brilliant singer-songwriters, then and now.  She started around the the same time, had a mid-’70s commercial peak, fell out of favor in the ’80s, then finally won Grammy recognition in the late ’90s.  They have sung on each others’ albums and were even early paramours for a spell.  While Joni is the more gifted in her weaving of music and words, James has had more commercial success, largely because he learned to love performing, and has toured far more often (he completed a well-received tour with longtime pal Bonnie Raitt only two months ago).

815yadd7NjL._SL1400_No one was more surprised than Taylor himself when his 2015 album, “Before This World,” his first collection of new material in 13 years, debuted at #1.  To my ears, this collection is among his most consistent in decades — check out “You and I Again,” “Angels of Fenway,” “Stretch of the Highway,” “SnowTime” and “Far Afghanistan.”  Even more impressive is the voice.  It has lost nothing and is, in fact, far smoother than the more nasally tone you hear on those classic early albums.

As he approaches 70, James Taylor has a rather droll observation to make about his life and career.   “Knowing when to quit is probably a very important thing, but I just am not ready,” he mused.  “I think it surprises a lot of people that I’m still around, you know.  I sometimes wonder how many of these lifetime achievement awards you can accept before you have to do the decent thing and die.”