The Wichita lineman is still on the line

The Beach Boys were in a bind.

It was late 1964, nearly three years into their incredible run as Southern California’s favorite sons, providing the soundtrack to the fun-in-the-sun image adored from coast to coast.   The fivesome was in the middle of a major tour to capitalize on the strength of their latest #1 single, “I Get Around.”  But Brian Wilson — their tenor singer, bass player, chief songwriter, arranger and producer — was a fragile soul, and he had begun to crack under the pressure of all the responsibility.  He wanted to withdraw from touring, and concentrate on studio work.  What to do?

There was one clear answer:  Glen Campbell.

_89779590_78442333As a member of the loose group of L.A. session musicians who came to be known as The Wrecking Crew, Campbell had been the guy playing guitar in the recording sessions for “I Get Around,” “Dance, Dance, Dance” and other Beach Boys’ classic records, so he knew the material inside out.  He also had a clean-cut look similar to the rest of the group, so he would fit in well on stage.  He jumped at the offer and found himself a bonafide Beach Boy for a successful three-month stint.

beachboysAfter an extraordinarily public six-year battle with Alzheimer’s disease, Campbell died August 9th at age 81.  He was widely admired as a dexterous guitarist, a delightful singer, and a hell of a nice guy, and although his star shone brightest in the country music community, his many appearances on the pop charts with iconic songs and on important rock music records certainly qualifies him to be lauded here on Hack’s Back Pages.

Wilson, who had lobbied for Campbell to replace him on that tour fifty-odd years ago, had this to say last week:  “Glen was an incredible musician, and an even better person.  I’m at a loss.  Love and mercy.”
Campbell’s rags-to-riches story is fairly remarkable.  He was born in small-town Arkansas in 1936, the seventh son of a dozen children born to John Wesley and Carol Campbell, who barely scraped by farming corn, potatoes and cotton.  Glen toiled in the fields throughout his youth, but he idolized his Uncle Boo, who gave him a cheap guitar for Christmas when Glen was five.  “Back home, everybody sang along, while somebody played guitar or fiddle or what have you,” Campbell recalled in a 1994 interview.

He practiced guitar relentlessly, listening to radio and records, particularly in awe of the stylings of French-born jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt, a sensation in the 1940s and ’50s.  Campbell sang in gospel choirs and played church picnics and county fairs, and by the time he turned 17, he headed for Albuquerque, where he joined his uncle’s band for a spell before forming his own band, The Western Wranglers, playing country-western tunes seven nights a week.

jb_glencampbell_studioBy 1960, he set his sights on California, settling in Los Angeles just as the recording scene there was catching fire as the new hotbed of rock and roll.  He landed a job cutting demos and trying his hand at songwriting for a publishing firm, and his fine guitar work on those demos caught the ear of producers looking for session musicians.

It didn’t take long for Campbell and his guitar to start showing up on recordings by some of pop and rock music’s most widely revered artists of the era:  Nat King Cole, Elvis Presley, Frank Sinatra, The Beach Boys, Wayne Newton, Bobby Darin, Ricky Nelson, Jan & Dean, Merle Haggard, The Righteous Brothers, The Monkees.  Campbell’s assignment was to blend into the arrangement, not grab the spotlight, so you have to listen pretty closely sometimes to hear his contributions, but he’s there on such big hits as “Surf City,” “Danke Schoen,” “You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feeling,” “Hello Mary Lou,” Presley’s cover of Ray Charles’ “What’d I Say,” “Fun, Fun, Fun,” “Strangers in the Night” and The Monkees’ “I’m a Believer” and “Mary Mary.”  Quite a portfolio.

150619175824-03-glen-campbell-restricted-super-169Not bad, not bad at all.  Then, in 1965, Capitol Records heard him sing on a few demos, and signed him as a solo artist.  Campbell had grown up on country music and was seen as a potential star in that market.  After a couple false starts (anybody heard of “Turn Around, Look at Me” or “”Too Late to Worry”?), they paired him with producer Al DeLory in 1967, who encouraged him to record John Hartford’s song “Gentle On My Mind.”

Although the record stalled at only #30 on the country charts, it would eventually end up winning Grammys for Best Country-Western Recording and Vocal Performance.  Meantime, DeLory hurried Campbell back into the studio to record Jimmy Webb’s classic “By the Time I Get to Phoenix,” which not only reached #2 on the country charts but managed #26 on the pop charts.  Campbell took many by surprise at those same 1968  Grammys by winning not only Best Male Vocal Performance but also the coveted Album of the Year prize.

This earned him high-profile spots on “The Ed Sullivan Show” and the hip variety show 150619175650-02-glen-campbell-restricted-super-169that followed it on CBS’s Sunday night schedule, “The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour.”  Response to his appearances there was so good that CBS offered him a slot as the Smothers Brothers’ summer replacement with “The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour,” which stuck around on the full prime-time schedule for three more seasons.

There’s an interesting story behind what is considered perhaps Campbell’s finest record, the stunning “Wichita Lineman,” which peaked at #3.  DeLory was under pressure to finish Campbell’s next LP and needed another song in a hurry, so they called Webb and asked him to submit “a song about something geographical” by the end of the day.  The GLEN_CAMPBELL_WICHITA+LINEMAN++WHERES+THE+PLAYGROUND+SUZIE?-604037previous afternoon, Webb had driven across Kansas and seen a lone telephone lineman working atop a pole in the middle of nowhere, and the image stuck with him.  He came up with two verses and the chorus but ran out of time before he could finish it.  Nevertheless, Campbell recorded it, using a six-string bass to play the melody line as a solo in place of the missing third verse.  It turned out to be one of the song’s most distinctive moments.

“Galveston” was another Top Five hit, but then things leveled off for a few years, even though he enjoyed success on the country charts.  Then in the mid-’70s, Campbell was back on top in a big way with two #1s, “Rhinestone Cowboy” (1975) and “Southern Nights” (1977), neither of which appealed to me personally, but they made him a big draw again in concert and on TV, where he often wowed the crowds with phenomenal, quicksilver picking to complement the expected hits.

150619180217-06-glen-campbell-restricted-super-169Over the years, Campbell has done a stellar job doing polished covers of great songs of the period, even if they weren’t recognized on the charts:  “After the Glitter Fades” (Stevie Nicks), “Reason to Believe” (Tim Hardin, Rod Stewart and others), and “The Moon’s a Harsh Mistress” (Jimmy Webb, Judy Collins).  Also, other artists were eager to record duets with Campbell over the years as well, from Bobbie Gentry in the ’60s to Tanya Tucker in the ’80s, as well as Cher, Anne Murray, Stevie Wonder, Mel Tillis, Johnny Cash, Lee Greenwood, Juice Newton and Emmylou Harris.

Make no mistake about this:  I am not much of a fan of Campbell’s repertoire, but I’m not part of his demographic, really.  Still, I admire his ability to straddle the line between country and pop at a time when that was rarely done.  I admire his longevity that made him an exalted country music icon, looked up to by younger generations in the country music arena.  And most of all, frankly, I admire “Wichita Lineman.”  What a fantastic record.

merlin-to-scoop-125744615-44006-master768The 1980s weren’t so kind to Campbell.  The albums and singles he released were met mostly with indifference, even among his base of country fans, and he found himself struggling with alcohol and drug problems for a while.  Once he shook that, he re-emerged in the 1990s and 2000s with an array of gospel and Christmas LPs that did modestly well.  But clearly, his best days were behind him.

Once he was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s in 2011, Campbell insisted on publicly announcing it and then embarking on one last “Goodbye” tour.  Even though the disease had begun to take its toll, as evidenced by erratic stage behavior and forgotten lyrics, the press and the public praised him for soldiering on, as a way to increase awareness about the disease’s debilitating effects.

Two songs released in Campbell’s twilight years exemplify, in a very poignant way, how the man became a shadow of his former self.  First was the 2011 song “Ghost on the Canvas,” a haunting piece that resonates even more now that he has died:

“I know a place between life and death for you and me, let’s take hold on the threshold of eternity, and see the ghost on the canvas, people don’t see us, a ghost on the canvas, people don’t know when they’re looking at souls…”

182191988_1502227650Even as Campbell was nearing the end, he collaborated with friend/producer Julian Raymond in 2014 to write and record an extraordinary song, “I’m Not Gonna Miss You,” which was duly noted in the Grammy nominations that year.   Its lyrics speak tragically of how, in most cases, the afflicted will ultimately not remember anything or anybody, even cherished loved ones:

“I’m still here, but yet I’m gone, I don’t play guitar or sing my songs, they never defined who I am, the man that loves you ’til the end, you’re the last person I will love,  you’re the last face I will recall, and best of all, I’m not gonna miss you…”

Beach Boy Mike Love said he felt a kinship with Campbell, saying he was underrated:  “He may not have been a figurehead in rock music, but he made a huge impact in country and pop music, and he is widely revered by axemen everywhere for his virtuoso guitar work, on acoustic and electric alike.”

Rock guitarists from Carlos Santana and Peter Frampton to John Mayer and James Taylor spoke highly of his musical skills as a guitarist and singer.  Keith Urban, Vince Gill, Mark Knopfler and George Benson all recall walking away from guitar duels with Campbell, saying, “Whoa!  That guy is unbelievable.”

Brad Paisley offered these heartfelt remarks:  “Thank you for the artistry, grace and class you brought to country music.  You were a shining light in so many ways.”

Tim McGraw added this succinct summary:  “In a world of good stuff, his was great.  In a world of great stuff, his was special.”



When I was young, I’d listen to the radio

It’s 2017, and those of us who grew up in the ’60s, ’70s and ’80s who still enjoy great new music have to look hard to find good stuff that appeals to our aging demographic.  Let’s face it, we’re not teenagers or 20s hipsters anymore.

There’s great new music being made out there that I think will appeal to you if you give it a chance.  Ed Sheeran, for example.  Or the latest from Arcade Fire, or John Mayer, or Spoon, or Phoenix.  Or Emily Hackett.  The list goes on.

JK_WOS_AlbumandStereo_MAIN_0But meantime, it’s always fun to fall back on the old albums from the old days, where there are plenty of lost classics that are ripe for re-exposure.  Why keep listening to the same old songs the classic rock stations are playing?  There are so many more they’ve been ignoring for far too long.

Here at Hack’s Back Pages, we make it a priority to wipe the cobwebs from these dusty tracks and shine a bright light on them once again, in the hope you will agree:  “Holy crap, what a great song!”


Andy_Pratt_(Andy_Pratt_album_-_cover_art)“Avenging Annie,” Andy Pratt, 1973

This guy is a perfect example of an artist who was highly praised by critics and others in the music industry but never embraced by the public.  From an upscale Boston family and ’60s Harvard education, Pratt chose to pursue both soft/folk rock and experimental musical genres.  His debut album in 1973 included the minor classic “Avenging Annie,” which features great piano and vocals wrapped around a tremendous melody and arrangement, but it somehow never managed better than #78.  The Who’s Roger Daltrey recorded a killer rendition on his 1977 solo LP “One of the Boys,” but otherwise, the song faded into the woodwork.  Pratt had one more flirtation with the charts with 1976’s “Resolutions” LP and the single “That’s When Miracles Occur,” but they too underperformed commercially.  After that, he became a Christian rock devotee and moved to The Netherlands, where he was happy with relative obscurity.

3e8dc29e76e8f7c8d6784aed22d3b968_1979“Blind Love,” Allman Brothers, 1979

Such a cursed band, The Allman Brothers.  They struggled mightily in the 1969-1971 period, playing upwards of 300 gigs a year, becoming one of the finest bands America has ever produced, with phenomenal guitar interplay from Duane Allman and Dickey Betts, vocals and organ from younger brother Gregg Allman, and an expert rhythm section.  But then Duane died at age 24 just as the world was turning on to the band, followed by bassist Berry Oakley’s death a year later.  Nevertheless, the band enjoyed a few years of commercial success (“Ramblin’ Man”) before imploding in ugly quarrels and ego-driven rivalries.  Somehow, they found a way to bury hatchets and reconvene in 1979 for a surprisingly strong LP, “Enlightened Rogues,” which features a ferocious blues track called “Blind Love,” featuring Gregg’s angst-ridden vocals and outstanding guitar by Betts and his new compatriot Dan Toler.

grayson-hugh-talk-it-over-1989-5“Talk It Over,” Grayson Hugh, 1988

Why this guy didn’t become a bigger commercial success is one of life’s mysteries.  Hugh has an incredible voice, perfect for rhythm and blues songs (especially for a white boy!), and his debut LP “Blind to Reason” in 1988 is well worth another look.  His original songs “Romantic Heart,” “Tears of Love,” “Finally Found a Friend” and the title track show great promise.  But it was “Talk it Over,” co-written by Sandy Linzer (who co-wrote “Let’s Hang On” and “Working My Way Back to You” for The Four Seasons), that put Hugh into the Top 20 in 1989.  Hugh was widely praised for his follow-up LP, “Road to Freedom” (1992), and two songs from it appeared in the “Thelma and Louise” soundtrack.  But things didn’t work out and he struggled with alcoholism; he’s on the mend and still creating new music today.

MI0002404799“Sea of Joy,” Blind Faith, 1969

Eric Clapton and Steve Winwood had admired each other since they first crossed paths in 1966 when Clapton was with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers for a brief period before forming the legendary Cream, and Winwood was all of 16, singing for Spencer Davis Group before forming Traffic.  They vowed to work together some day.  In 1969, Cream had imploded, and Traffic was on hiatus, and the two musical giants decided to give it a go to see what might happen.  The result was Blind Faith, born of good intentions but conflated by record promoters beyond what anyone involved wanted.  They lasted all of five months…but fortunately for us, they produced a spectacular record that still resonates today.  Winwood’s delicate acoustic “Can’t Find My Way Home” and Clapton’s “Presence of the Lord” show up on classic rock radio periodically, but another track you need to know is “Sea of Joy,” which features Winwood singing at his best, Ric Grech’s electric violin, and Clapton’s understated but sturdy guitar playing.

220px-My_Time“Dinah-Flo,” Boz Scaggs, 1972

William “Boz” Scaggs was a Texas product who moved to The Bay Area in the mid-’60s, where he helped found The Steve Miller Band, playing guitar and writing songs for their first two LPs.  His solo career began with a memorable debut LP that includes the FM radio classic “Loan Me a Dime,” with Duane Allman on lead guitar.  Scaggs had always had a fondness for R&B, and his albums from the early ’70s onward had a prominent “blue-eyed soul” bent.  His outstanding 1976 LP “Silk Degrees” — which includes the #3 hit “Lowdown” as well as “Lido Shuffle,” “It’s Over,” “What Can I Say,” “Georgia” and the Scaggs song Rita Coolidge made famous, “We’re All Alone” — still stands as one of the greatest R&B albums by a white artist.  Back in 1972, though, when he was still warming up, he came up with a jewel of a tune called “Dinah-Flo,” and the recording from his “My Time” album is simply irresistible.

Donald_Fagen_-_The_Nightfly“I.G.Y.,” Donald Fagen, 1982

I was among those who mourned when I heard that Donald Fagen and Walter Becker had decided to end their Steely Dan collaboration in 1980 following the release of the brilliant but troubled “Gaucho” LP.  Becker had personal problems, and frankly, Steely Dan hadn’t been a band at all since maybe 1974.  For “Pretzel Logic,” “Katy Lied,” “The Royal Scam,” “Aja” and “Gaucho,” Fagen and Becker had assembled legions of session musicians to insert their solos and individual parts on a song-by-song basis.  So it wasn’t too surprising that, when Fagen went on his own in 1982 with “The Night Fly,” he continued the same formula to such an extent that it sounded pretty much like a new Steely Dan LP.  Fagen chose to compose a song cycle about growing up in the 1950s in suburban New Jersey, where he heard about such things as the International Geophysical Year (I.G.Y.), a worldwide renewal of scientific exchange and cooperation following the death of Russian leader Josef Stalin.  It was a time of hope and discovery, and Fagen recalled it all in “I.G.Y.,” which prays for the best:  “We’ll be clean when their work is done, we’ll be totally free, yes, and totally young, what a beautiful world this could be, what a glorious time to be free…”  

cover_542131322010“Can’t Let a Woman,” Ambrosia, 1976

Singer-songwriter David Pack gets most of the laurels for the work of Ambrosia, the band he founded in 1971 in L.A.  Originally the group preferred the progressive rock genre, and its first two albums showed this prominently, including the first two singles, “Holding On to Yesterday” (#17 in 1975) and “Nice, Nice, Very Nice” (1976).  But their enduring reputation was as a soft-rock band because of their next three singles:  the #3 hit “How Much I Feel” (1978) and the back-to-back hits “Biggest Part of Me” (#3) and “You’re the Only Woman” (#13), both in 1980.  Savvy fans who know the group’s first two LPs will no doubt agree with me that deep tracks like “Time Waits For No One” and especially “Can’t Let a Woman” show off Ambrosia’s technically gorgeous sound from their earlier days.

Toy_Matinee“Last Plane Out,” Toy Matinee, 1990

This startling track came out of nowhere in early 1990 to get significant airplay on the FM mainstream rock stations but, sadly, went nowhere on the Billboard Top 40.  Its lyrics are somewhat apocalyptic, describing how awful life might be after the end game, and “hoping for passage on the last plane out” before things became unlivable.  The music, however, is upbeat and engaging, beautifully produced with great vocal harmonies.  The duo of Patrick Leonard and Kevin Gilbert wrote and played the songs for the group they called Toy Matinee, who released just the one album before fading.  Gilbert went on to be a prominent producer and a key behind-the-scenes player in Sheryl Crow’s career in the ’90s and beyond.

audience~~~_houseonth_101b“Indian Summer,” Audience, 1972

The 1969-1975 period was quite fertile for singer-songwriters, especially those who chose introspective ballads (Joni Mitchell, James Taylor, Cat Stevens), but also many groups who offered unusual instrumental arrangements, quirky songs and “acquired taste” vocals.  One of these was Audience, a British outfit led by the creativity of Howard Werth and Keith Gemmell.  They struggled along at first, releasing two LPs in England to little reaction, before hooking up with Elton John’s first producer, Gus Dudgeon, who helped them hone their third album, “House on the Hill,” into a stronger package that gained US radio airplay.  The single, “Indian Summer,” stalled at #74, but the FM stations played this album often, and it’s full of great material I recommend, starting with “Indian Summer.”

hearts-of-stone“Talk to Me,” Southside Johnny & Asbury Jukes, 1978

Sadly, this explosive bar band from the Jersey Shore was never able to emerge from the shadows created by the great Bruce Springsteen and his E Street Band, but it wasn’t for lack of trying.  Indeed, Springsteen and his guitarist/arranger cohort Miami Steve Van Zandt did everything they could to support “Southside” Johnny Lyon and his sweaty, energetic band, offering original material and producing their first three LPs, but inexplicably, the public failed to embrace them.  What a shame — if you ever saw them in concert, you’d never forget it.  Any of their first three LPs is worth your time and attention; the third, the 1978 album “Hearts of Stone,” was written entirely by Van Zandt and/or Springsteen, including the Boss’s exuberant “Talk to Me,” propelled by vibrant horns and a frenetic rhythm section.  Springsteen didn’t release his own version until 2010, on the extra disc included with the anniversary package of “Darkness on the Edge of Town” (another 1978 release).

The_Joshua_Tree“Bullet the Blue Sky,” U2, 1987

After building a huge base in Ireland, England and elsewhere during the early ’80s, U2 started getting noticed in mainstream America with the single “Pride (In the Name of Love)” and their “Live Aid” appearance, both in 1985.  But it was the monumental “The Joshua Tree” LP in 1987 that made them worldwide superstars, a designation they still hold today, because they continue to write and release major, substantial works time after time.  “I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For,” “With or Without You,” “Where the Streets Have No Name” — they all help define the U2 sound, led by Bono’s plaintive vocals and The Edge’s like-none-other guitar stylings.  Sometimes overlooked on this huge LP is the biting political diatribe “Bullet the Blue Sky,” which was the most incredible moment in their 2007 tour, which I saw twice in eight days.  It’s not commercial, by any means, but it’s more than memorable:  “Outside, it’s America… outside, it’s America…”

ChicagoAlbum“Poem For the People,” Chicago, 1970

When Chicago (originally Chicago Transit Authority) was a bold new band, its albums broke frontiers, full of amazing amalgams of big band and rock, and hopeful utopian lyrics typical of the 1969-1970 period.  Their career grew on the strength of “Make Me Smile,” “Does Anybody Really Know What Time It Is?” and “Beginnings,” but there was so much more on those early LPs.  “Make Me Smile,” in fact, was part of a 13-minute suite called “Ballet For a Girl in Buchannon,” which included the prom favorite, “Colour My World.”  Do yourself a favor and listen to the first four songs on “Chicago” (now known as “Chicago II”) and you’ll find thoroughly engaging music like “Movin’ On” and “In the Country,” and the majestic “Poem For the People,” which is one of Robert Lamm’s finest songs and arrangements.